General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is an EU regulation that updates and reforms data protection law in the EU. The official title is Regulation (EU) 2016/679, which contains a chapter on data protection rights for all consumers in the EU.

Implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation started on May 25, 2018, when it replaced the 1995 Data Protection Directive. Unlike a directive that needs to be transposed into national law by the EU member states, the General Data Protection Regulation is a regulation that is directly applicable in the member states. Nevertheless, the regulation does allow some derogations from the requirements contained in it, based on so-called opening clauses. That is why member states may have their own rules in certain areas.

Germany has made use of this option by adapting the Federal Data Protection Act. This is pointed out in the dictionary entries for the respective rights of data subjects.

Source: Regulation (EU) 2016/679

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